The choice of buttons can greatly affect the impact of a garment and, with such a wonderful selection available, we are spoiled for choice.
I believe that Sckafs Fabrics at Indooroopilly Shoppingtown have the best range of buttons that I have found in Australia and if you are visiting Brisbane, well worth a visit.
Buttons make a great memento of a holiday visit – and they don’t add much weight to your luggage!
There are a few things to consider when selecting buttons for a garment and I hope this information will be a helpful guide:
- If using a commercial pattern, check for size of buttons
required – detailed on back of pattern envelope in the Notions section. If you wish to use a larger or smaller button, the pattern will need to be altered to accommodate the different size.
- If you are creating the pattern, the button extension will need to equal the width of the button.
- The suitability of button style for the intended garment:
- shank versus holes – if the fabric is bulky or thick, a shank button will better accommodate this thickness of the two sides of the garment under the button. A thread shank can be added under a flat button but for thinner fabrics, flat buttons are a better choice as shank buttons tend to hang down.flat versus dome or rounded shaped – if making a shirt, it is often better to use flat buttons if the shirt will be work under a fine wool pullover
- round, square, triangular or oblong style – if using a graphic print, match the dominant shape in the print to the button shape. For swirls and curves – a round button; for angular patterns – a square, oblong or triangular shape.
- How to care for them during the life of the garment – do buttons need to be removed before washing or dry cleaning, for example glass and antique buttons?
- To properly assess the actual measurement of the button, measure the circumference of button use narrow tape or ribbon. Wrap the tape around the centre of the button (just to the side of a shank) and pinch tape together. Slide button out and flatten the tape – this is the required length for the button to pass through the buttonhole.
- When buttons are sewn to the garment, the direction of the stitching through holes or shank should be the same as orientation of the buttonhole.
- So that both sides of the garment sit comfortably on top of each other without being squashed by the button.
- For thicker fabrics, make a thread shank for buttons with holes.
- Pattern markings indicate where buttons sit but this needs to be checked so that the placement the placement and number of buttons suit the stature of the wearer. For women’s garments, especially fitted styles, the garment needs to be tried on to determine best position for buttons, especially at bust point.
- Place first button on centre front, exactly at bust level with remaining buttons spaced evenly from there. Lowest button should not to be too close to the hem (unless it is a key design element) usually no closer than 12-15cm /5 -6 “from the bottom of the garment.
- Buttonholes should be approximately 3mm / 1/8” longer than button – except high round buttons which may need longer length buttonholes
- Consider the orientation of the buttonholes. Buttonholes should be stitched horizontally to centre front unless there is a front tab when they are stitched vertically.
- Some machines offer a number of options for type of buttonholes – this is best determined by stitching samples on your fabric to see which is best for the style of garment and weight of the fabric which has been treated exactly as it will be in the construction of the garment (facing interfaced and stitched to garment, trimmed pressed, and under stitched).
- The programmed buttonholes will default to a base width and length of buttonhole which affect the thickness of the side bars and ends as well as the density of the stitching. Adjustments can be made to suit the type and thickness of the garment fabric.
- Density issues resulting in very tight stitching or stalling of the stitches can sometimes be solved by using stabiliser underneath fabric and/or a plastic topper.
Tip: Be sure you carefully grade seam allowances at front openings to minimise problems with an uneven surface when stitching buttonholes.
- Use FrayCheck on centre of buttonhole and allow to dry before cutting
- To cut buttonhole:
- Use buttonhole chisel with block of wood or plastic board for clean cut, or
- Place pin through fabric at either end and, starting from centre of buttonhole, cut with unpicker or scissors
- For keyhole buttonholes, use an awl at the rounded end and carefully trim the fabric away
- Use small sharp scissors to remove any stray threads from cut hole
- Buttonholes can be corded for strength and definition – use Güterman™ topstitching thread or fine crochet cotton
Tip: If you don’t have thicker thread, several strands of regular thread can be used.
Tip: This is an excellent technique for stretch and stretch/woven fabrics when buttonholes can easily stretch out of shape.
Until next week. Happy sewing!